የድርጅቱ ስም፡ ዶዚሜድ የላብራቶሪ ፍተሻ
(የጨረራ ውስድ መጠን መለኪያ)
ስልክ ቁጥር፡- 0116900239/011878154
የቢሮ አድራሻ፡- 22 ማዞሪያ ጎላጎል ሕንፃ
Organization: Dosi med Laboratory test
Office: 22 Mazoriya Golagol
Building 11th Floor
Office No. 1103
Creation of Awareness about Radio active Radition Damage on the public with medias Such as TV,Radio and Websites.
Giving Permission Granted in a Document by the Authority to a Legal Person Who full fill the Requirements and Standard.
Conducting Inspection based on: Regular inspection Programme and, Request from the customer,Verification Inspection, Inspection based on past profile of the institution.
Possible actions for non-compliance: Formal instructions assured and correct the infraction, Written warning for non – compliance, Suspension of or restrictions on, operation until regulatory infraction or safety condition is corrected.
Radioactive Waste Management and Processing
Make and maintain control with all relevant persons involved with radioactive waste to provide an authoritative point of advice and guidance, Establish and maintain a detail record keeping system for all stages of radioactive waste management, including the inventory of radioactive waste, Ensure that waste package for off- site transportation is prepared to be in compliance with Transport Regulations, Ensure that appropriate shielding, labeling, physical security and integrity of waste packages, Segregation, collection and characterization of radioactive waste, Treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste.
Organizational structure of ERPA
The solid organazational structural unit of ERPA. ERPA is a Federal Government body that control and regulate the import,export, use, transport, dispose of, etc any source of radiation.
Flying and Health
People travelling in aircraft may be exposed to more ionizing radiation than they would be exposed to on the ground. The increased exposure occurs because the Earth’s atmosphere provides less protection from cosmic radiation at the typical cruising altitudes of commercial aircraft, which are usually between 7 000 and 12 000metres.
What is cosmic radiation?
All living organisms are exposed to ionizing radiation on a continuous and daily basis. It is in the food we eat, the air we breathe and the buildings we live in. This type of exposure is referred to as background radiation. The two main sources of background radiation include radioactive materials, such as uranium in the natural environment and cosmic radiation from outer space. There is considerable variation in the background radiation levels throughout the world. The world average is 2.4mSv per year and the average Australian background radiation dose is around 2mSv each year. As altitude increases, the cosmic radiation component increases. The important part of a flight from an overall cosmic radiation exposure perspective is the period of flight cruising, typically involving altitudes between 7000 and 12000metres. Latitude – the distance from the equator – also has an influence on the cosmic radiation exposure level. Exposures increase the further the flight path is away from the equator.
Sources and exposures
Cosmic radiation is mainly in the form of particles from outer space. Some contribution also occurs from the sun, together with solar particle events. Solar particle events are rare occurrences that can result in higher exposures for short periods of time. The earth’s atmosphere offers considerable protection from cosmic radiation, such that at ground level only small exposures occur. Because Australia has the lowest elevation of any continent, background cosmic radiation at ground level is low.
It is also possible for people who fly very frequently, for example 10-20 hours per week on long haul flights to approach and exceed a 1mSv per year dose. For pregnant travelers and aircrew, the Australian and international guidance is that the unborn child should be treated in broad terms as a member of the public.
The public dose limit is 1mSv. Radiation exposure to the unborn child of less than 1mSv above background levels will not lead to a significant increase in risk associated with radiation-related health effects. The table below provides some indication of doses for a number of routes and also indicates flying hours and number of flights taken to achieve a 1mSv dose
What are the health effects for casual flyers and aircrew?
Large studies involving the health of pilots and aircrew have shown no detectable association with an increased risk of cancer that might be expected to arise from radiation exposure. Exposures of aircrew to cosmic radiation are typically less than a quarter of the occupational dose limit of 20mSv per year – around 1.8mSv per year for those involved in domestic routes, and around 4mSv per year for those involved in international flight routes.